FitLyfe CEO Sam Salbi says corporate wellness programs lack an overall strategy nationwide, vary widely in their use of performance data, are short on accountability and have a delivery system more focused on disease reaction than wellness. Salbi recommends outcomes-based wellness programs with incentives and using data to refine plans.
The theme for the future of corporate wellness is that employers have a vested interest in keeping employees healthy, said new Society for Human Resource Management CEO Johnny Taylor Jr. "Preventing health problems is the number one issue because you, the employer, can control costs," Taylor said.
Recent studies have sent mixed signals when it comes to the effect of exercise on cognitive health. While the American Academy of Neurology said neurologists should recommend exercise for people with mild cognitive impairment, a panel of experts for the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine said scientific evidence is not sufficient to support claims that exercise can prevent MCI or dementia.
The CDC reported in the American Journal of Public Health that cases of acute hepatitis C virus infection increased 133% between 2004 and 2014. A 93% jump in substance use disorder treatment admissions related to opioid injection was also noted. Injection drug use is considered the primary risk factor for transmission of HCV.
Researchers found that each one-month delay in the introduction of gluten into infants' diets was associated with a 5% increased risk of developing insulin autoantibodies, indicating a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes either later in childhood or in adulthood, compared with a 32% lower risk among children who were introduced to gluten before 4 months of age. The findings in Diabetes Care were based on 7,563 young children at high genetic risk of developing type 1 diabetes from the US, Finland, Germany and Sweden.
CDC researchers found that the percentage of US women ages 15 to 44 who received prescriptions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder drugs rose by 344% between 2003 and 2015, with the highest increase -- 700% -- among those ages 25 to 29. The findings in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report also showed that the greatest increases occurred in Southern and Western states, and Adderall, Vyvanse and Ritalin were the most commonly prescribed medications.
Adolescents who lived in areas with the highest-quality green space had an 11% reduced risk of developing high depressive symptoms, compared with those who lived in areas with the lowest-quality green space, researchers reported in the Journal of Adolescent Health. However, the findings, based on data involving 9,385 adolescents, showed that exposure to bodies of water wasn't associated with reduced depressive symptoms.
Researchers found that children, adolescents and adults who received reminder and recall interventions for immunizations had 5% to 20% increased vaccine uptake, compared with those who didn't, with telephone reminders being the most effective intervention type. The findings in the Cochrane Library, based on a systematic review of 75 studies, suggest that patient reminder and recall systems may also improve preventive care efforts, researchers wrote.
School leaders in a Kentucky district say efforts to promote nutrition and health in schools are paying off. A recent report highlighted efforts in the district to encourage physical fitness and to serve healthier meals in the school's cafeteria.
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