Researchers looked at data from 15 countries and found lower levels of absenteeism and higher levels of presenteeism when managers are supportive of employees with depression. The study in BMJ Open also showed employees who live in a country with more managers who avoid discussing depression tended to have more work absences.
The expectation that employees will check email when they are not at work can cause anxiety and stress, researchers reported at the Academy of Management's annual meeting and in Academy of Management Proceedings. The study of 100 employees found some said monitoring their work email also led to higher levels of anxiety and conflict with their spouse.
Researchers interviewed 1,584 Australians over the age of 50 and found that those who were involved in vigorous physical activity were able to stave off chronic disease, disability and mental impairment for 10 years, compared with those who only engaged in moderate physical activity or were inactive. The findings in the journal Scientific Reports also showed that those with the highest levels of physical activity were twice as likely to prevent stroke, heart disease, angina, cancer and diabetes, and to be in optimal physical and mental shape.
Vector-borne diseases have increased threefold in the US between 2004 and 2016, according to the CDC, and experts say temperature shifts caused by climate change are a contributing factor. Improved surveillance as well as community engagement to help enhance disease detection and prevention are needed.
A study in Pediatrics showed that autism spectrum disorder incidence was 3.78 per 1,000 person-years among children whose mothers received the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy, compared with 4.05 per 1,000 person-years among those whose mothers weren't vaccinated during pregnancy. Prenatal Tdap vaccination was more likely among Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders, those who were nulliparous, those with at least a bachelor's degree and those who gave birth at 37 or more weeks' gestation.
A Swedish study in The Lancet showed that young adults who were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age 10 or younger had fourfold increased odds of all-cause mortality and more than sevenfold higher risk of cardiovascular mortality, reducing life expectancy by nearly 18 years among women and 14 years among men, compared with healthy controls. Researchers also found a 30-fold increased likelihood of coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction, 12-fold higher heart failure risk and 11-fold increased odds of stroke among those with childhood type 1 diabetes.
Obese girls had a 44% increased risk of developing depression, compared with normal-weight girls, UK researchers reported in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. However, the findings, based on a review of 22 studies involving nearly 144,000 youths, didn't show a higher likelihood of depression among girls who were overweight, and weight wasn't tied to depression risk in boys.
Consuming less than 100 grams of chocolate per week may help reduce cardiovascular disease risks, according to a study in the journal Heart that found 45 grams per week was the ideal amount. Researchers said the protective effect was lost when consumption was greater than 100 grams per week, or about two chocolate snack bars.
CDC researchers found that nearly 80% of US school districts have provisions to assist students and staff with special needs during emergencies, and offer mental health services to students, faculty and staff after disasters, according to findings in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. However, the researchers also found that fewer than two-thirds of school districts had response plans available for a possible influenza pandemic or another outbreak of an infectious disease.
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It's bad policy to speculate on what you'll do if a plan fails, when you're trying to make a plan work.
Condoleezza Rice, diplomat and political scientist
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