Research showed food-insecure US adults were less likely to meet at least three of seven health metrics, such as diet, physical activity, cholesterol or blood pressure, compared with those who were food secure. The study in JAMA Internal Medicine, which included almost 8,000 people, showed 57.7% were food secure, 15.1% were marginally food secure and 27.2% were food insecure.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that type 1 diabetes patients with the presence of any major abnormalities on an electrocardiogram had a 2.5 times increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease, compared with those with normal or no abnormal ECG or no major ECG abnormality. Researchers analyzed 1,306 adults and found that 11.9% of participants had CVD events, 148 of which were nonfatal and seven of which were fatal.
Maternal type 1 diabetes was one of the autoimmune diseases associated with an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children, according to a study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Researchers used a cohort of 983,680 children in Danish national registries and also found a correlation between paternal history of type 1 diabetes and ADHD risk.
Experts and researchers agree that pregnant women and fetuses benefit from regular exercise, which can help prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Experts, writing in a viewpoint published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, said that moderation is the goal and cautioned against certain more vigorous exercises that may not be safe for pregnant women.
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A study presented at the American College of Cardiology scientific session found use of digoxin was tied to a 78% higher mortality risk among patients who had atrial fibrillation and at least one other risk factor for stroke, compared with those who did not use the drug. The findings, based on data from 18,201 patients, also showed a fourfold increase in sudden death risk among digoxin users.
Irish researchers found a higher rate of gestational diabetes among women who received 1,100 mg myo-inositol, 27.6 g D-chiro-inositol and 400 µg folic acid than those on folic acid alone. The findings in Diabetes Care, based on 240 women with a mean age of 31.3, revealed that the rate of gestational diabetes was lower among those who had a normal weight in the intervention group, compared with normal-weight women in the control group, and higher among those who were overweight or obese in the intervention group, compared with overweight or obese women in the control group.
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The US has one of the lowest labor-participation rates for prime working-age men among developed countries, and poor health could help explain why, writes Alana Semuels. Recent studies have found that obesity, diabetes, alcoholism and widespread use of pain medications all lead to unhealthy people who cannot work, especially among people who didn't go to college.
Massachusetts is just 4 percentage points away from reaching a nationwide goal of having 80% of adults ages 50 and older screened for colorectal cancer by 2018. Neil Maniar of the American Cancer Society said the remaining 4% represent population-based disparities and people who feel good and do not get tested, and he adds that increased public awareness and working with community groups on screening strategies can help.
Coverage expansions and federal funding under the Affordable Care Act helped hundreds of thousands of Colorado residents gain access to care and allowed Denver and other cities across the US to develop new and better systems for helping their poorest people manage chronic medical conditions, mental health care, dental care and primary care. Public health experts fear that progress is being put at risk just as data is beginning to show its benefits, including: fewer emergency department visits and improved utilization of primary and preventive care, dental care, and mental health services.
After Thursday's planned vote on the American Health Care Act was delayed, President Donald Trump told House Republicans they must vote on and support the measure today, or he will move on to other policy priorities. The Rules Committee is expected to meet this morning to determine terms for debate, with a vote planned for afternoon.